Tuesday, December 09, 2008

Confucius on Revenge

This is the best quote I've seen about revenge:

"Before you embark on a journey of revenge, dig two graves."

I'm thinking that means one for yourself and one for the person you are trying to get revenge on. So it is basically saying, "Don't go for revenge, because you will ultimately destroy yourself."

On the other hand, maybe there are two people that you are seeking revenge against...

Of course, I advocate forgiveness:

"Time's march is a web of causes and effects, and asking for any gift of mercy, however tiny it may be, is to ask that a link be broken in that web of iron, ask that it be already broken. No one deserves such a miracle. Nor can I plead that my trespasses be forgiven; forgiveness is the act of another, and only I myself can save me. Forgiveness purifies the offended party, not the offender, who is virtually untouched by it." --Jorge Luis Borges, from his short story "A Prayer" (1969).

Sunday, November 30, 2008

Quote Attributed to Confucius

To be wronged is nothing unless you continue to remember it.

Saturday, November 01, 2008

I Swear to God I Voted!

I promise that the story in the news is not true. In fact, it can't be true, because the election hasn't happened yet. Still, the video is pretty convincing.

Monday, October 20, 2008

I know... I know

It has been a long time since I've posted anything. Sorry about that. I'll get something up here eventually.

Tuesday, September 16, 2008

Stuff That's Hard to Figure Out

If a statement is ambiguous, it has two mutually applicable meanings. "Obscure" implies that the expression is undecipherable because it is confusing. A cryptic statement is too short to be enlightening, perhaps intentionally so. An enigmatic phrase is intriguing but only mysteriously suggestive, not clear. "Abstruse" and "recondite" refer to difficulty in understanding caused by arcane words and reference to little known facts.

Thanks to Your Dictionary Dot Com's Word of the Day for teaching me how to be confused.

Tuesday, September 09, 2008

Animal Cruelty On My Street

There are many people on my street that own dogs. The sad part about it is that none of them seem to have any reason to have a dog. They don't seem to like them or care about them. They don't interact with them, so the dogs are totally antisocial. They don't let them into their homes, and they don't have yards, so the dogs live in tiny cages or on three foot leashes. This is dog ownership in Taiwan.


The worst case on my street is an apartment that has six or seven dogs. At least six are beagles that are in a cage that I would feel bad keeping a guinea pig in. They are in constant physical contact with each other because there is not enough room for them to do anything but stand or lie in place. They cannot turn around without climbing over one of their cell mates. I took a picture, but you can't really tell how bad it is from the shot. Imagine a phone booth (remember those?) and then picture yourself living in one with another person and never being able to leave.

At least six beagles live in that tiny cage behind the black dog. They never leave the cage.

This same apartment also has another dog (see photo and video). I don't know what kind it is, but it is vicious. They keep him tied up on about three feet of chain. Maybe his purpose is to "protect" the other dogs. As miserable as his life is, it is a paradise compared to the ones in the cage.

I try not to be judgmental about stuff I see in Taiwan. I am a guest here. But this is just sick. There is absolutely no reason to treat animals this way. I assume these people raise beagles to sell them or something, but that is no excuse. Taiwan may or may not have animal cruelty laws, but that doesn't really matter. What these people are doing is a crime.

I live on Jian Gong first road, lane 53. This is in Hsinchu. Here's the Chinese:

新竹市

東區

建 功一路

53巷

I hope there are some animal rights activists around here. Personally, I don't know what I can do about it. It is frustrating. Maybe I could call the police, but as likely as not that wouldn't do any good. After all, it has been going on for the three years I've lived here and no one has done anything (including me). Anyway, if anyone wants to see this horrible scene in person, feel free to wander down my street. It will be easy to find these dogs, because as soon as you get near them, they will start barking and yelping hysterically. And if there is anything that can be done about the cruelty, please do it!

I wonder if I could do more, but to be honest, I fear reprisals. I live alone, and I am pretty easy to spot in my neighborhood. If I make enemies, it would be very easy for them to hurt me. As I've pointed out before in my blog, I am no hero. So I am just putting this information out there hoping it will reach the right person who can and will take some action.

Don't just wait for someone else to do something, and remember that we all share the earth together, humans, plants, and animals. I guess sometimes we have to hurt each other in order to survive, but there is no reason for intentional cruelty, and less for cruelty that is perpetrated due to "not realizing that one's actions are cruel."
video

The above is a short video clip I took. Soon after I started shooting it, a woman came out with a stick. She threatened the barking dogs, and apparently they are used to being beaten, as they quickly quieted down. She seemed surprised that anyone would take notice of the situation. After all, it is only a pack of dogs that bark, howl, whine, yelp, and whimper pretty much constantly 24 hours a day. And who would blame them?

I told her that "it is bad" and that "it was crazy." I don't know if she understood what I was trying to say.

Friday, September 05, 2008

The View From Taiwan

I just want to send a special thanks to Michael Turton for his blog "The View From Taiwan." It is a great blog (I don't know where he gets the time to do all that reading, researching, and blogging), and I get a lot of hits because of his mention of my blog on his blog.

Keep up the good work!

Thursday, September 04, 2008

Triangle of Life


I live in a place where there are a lot of earthquakes. Most of them are so small that I don't notice them. Still, a few years ago there was one that killed thousands of people and did incredible damage to man-made structures and the natural landscape. A lot of the damage has yet to be fully repaired.

The last "big" earthquake I remember happened at about midnight a few years ago. I was sitting at my computer playing Quake (oddly enough) or something, when I heard some of my pots and pans start clanging together. Then the building started to move. I grabbed my beer and ducked toward the bathroom, donning a motorcycle helmet on the way. I figured if I got trapped, I'd rather it be in the bathroom where there is water and .... uh.... facilities. The quake turned out not to be too serious.

If you want to see a list of earthquakes that have happened recently in Taiwan, you can go to the Central Weather Bureau's Quake Index. You can see from there that there are earthquakes worth measuring every couple of days.

Why do I bring all this up? Because I was cleaning out my hard drive and I came across a file called "Triangle of Life." I didn't know what it was, but when I opened it, it was all about how to survive in an earthquake. It was written by a rescue worker. I don't know when, or if it is even real. I can't recall how I got the file in the first place.

What the guy says is that you should never get under anything in an earthquake. If you do, you will be squashed and killed. Instead, you get next to things and lie down. Don't "lay" down, because lay is a transitive verb and can only be used with an object (of course, you could lay yourself down, but why state the obvious using two words when you can just use one?).

Anyway, what the article says sounds reasonable, so I'm going to post it here. Who knows, maybe someone will read it and it will save his or her life. Or maybe at least one person who is about to make an error in usage will not use "lay" when he or she should use "lie."

Now for the article:

Triangle of Life

My name is Doug Copp. I am the Rescue Chief and Disaster Manager of the American Rescue Team International (ARTI), the world's most experienced rescue team. The information in this article will save lives in an earthquake.

I have crawled inside 875 collapsed buildings, worked with rescue teams from 60 countries, founded rescue teams in several countries, and I am a member of many rescue teams from many countries. I was the United Nations expert in Disaster Mitigation (UNX051 -UNIENET) for two years. I have worked at every major disaster in the world since 1985, except for simultaneous disasters.

In 1996 we made a film that proved my survival methodology to be correct. The Turkish Federal Government, City of Istanbul, University of Istanbul, Case Productions and ARTI cooperated to film this practical, scientific test.

We collapsed a school and a home with 20 mannequins inside. Ten mannequins did "duck and cover," and ten mannequins I used in my "triangle of life" survival method. After the simulated earthquake collapse we crawled through the rubble and entered the building to film and document the results.

The film, in which I practiced my survival techniques under directly observable, scientific conditions, relevant to building collapse, showed there would have been zero percent survival for those doing duck and cover. There would likely have been 100 % survivability for people using my method of the "triangle of life." Millions of viewers in Turkey and the rest of Europe have seen this film on television, and it was seen in the USA, Canada and Latin America on the TV program Real TV.

The first building I ever crawled inside of was a school in Mexico City during the 1985 earthquake. Every child was under their desk. Every child was crushed to the thickness of their bones. They could have survived by lying down next to their desks in the aisles. It was obscene, unnecessary and I wondered why the children were not in the aisles. I didn't at the time know that the children were told to hide under something.

Simply stated, when buildings collapse, the weight of the ceilings falling upon the objects or furniture inside crushes these objects, leaving a space or void next to them. This space is what I call the "triangle of life ". The larger the object, the stronger, the less it will compact. The less the object compacts, the larger the void, the greater the probability that the person who is using this void for safety will not be injured.

The next time you watch collapsed buildings, on television, count the "triangles" you see formed. They are everywhere. It is the most common shape, you will see, in a collapsed building. They are everywhere.

I trained the Fire Department of Trujillo (population 750,000) in how to survive, take care of their families, and to rescue others in earthquakes. The chief of rescue in the Trujillo Fire Department is a professor at Trujillo University. He accompanied me everywhere. He gave personal testimony: "My name is Roberto Rosales. I am Chief of Rescue in Trujillo. When I was 11 years old, I was trapped inside of a collapsed building. My entrapment occurred during the earthquake of 1972 that killed 70,000 people. I survived in the "triangle of life" that existed next to my brother's motorcycle. My friends who got under the bed and under desks were crushed to death. I am the living example of the "triangle of life." My dead friends are the example of "duck and cover."

Tips from Doug Copp:
1) Everyone who simply "ducks and covers" WHEN BUILDINGS COLLAPSE is crushed to death -- Every time, without exception. People who get under objects, like desks or cars, are always crushed.

2) Cats, dogs and babies all naturally often curl up in the fetal position. You should too in an earthquake. It is a natural safety/survival instinct. You can survive in a smaller void. Get next to an object, next to a sofa, next to a large bulky object that will compress slightly but leave a void next to it.

3) Wooden buildings are the safest type of construction to be in during an earthquake. The reason is simple: the wood is flexible and moves with the force of the earthquake. If the wooden building does collapse, large survival voids are created. Also, the wooden building has less concentrated, crushing weight. Brick buildings will break into individual bricks. Bricks will cause many injuries but less squashed bodies than concrete slabs.

4) If you are in bed during the night and an earthquake occurs, simply roll off the bed. A safe void will exist around the bed.

5) If an earthquake happens while you are watching television and you cannot easily escape by getting out the door or window, then lie down and curl up in the fetal position next to a sofa, or large chair.

6) Everybody who gets under a doorway when buildings collapse is killed. How? If you stand under a doorway and the door jam falls forward or backward you will be crushed by the ceiling above. If the door jam falls sideways you will be cut in half by the doorway. In either case, you will be killed!

7) Never go to the stairs. The stairs have a different "moment of frequency" (they swing separately from the main part of the building). The stairs and remainder of the building continuously bump into each other until structural failure of the stairs takes place. The people who get on stairs before they fail are chopped up by the stair treads - horribly mutilated. Even if the building doesn't collapse, stay away from the stairs. The stairs are a likely part of the building to be damaged. Even if the earthquake does not collapse the stairs, they may collapse later when overloaded by fleeing people. They should always be checked for safety, even when the rest of the building is not damaged.

8) Get Near the Outer Walls Of Buildings Or Outside Of Them If Possible. It is much better to be near the outside of the building rather than the interior. The farther inside you are from the outside perimeter of the building the greater the probability that your escape route will be blocked.

9) People inside of their vehicles are crushed when the road above falls in an earthquake and crushes their vehicles; which is exactly what happened with the slabs between the decks of the Nimitz Freeway. The victims of the San Francisco earthquake all stayed inside of their vehicles. They were all killed. They could have easily survived by getting out and sitting or lying next to their vehicles, says the author. Everyone killed would have survived if they had been able to get out of their cars and sit or lie next to them. All the crushed cars had voids 3 feet high next to them, except for the cars that had columns fall directly across them.

10) I discovered, while crawling inside of collapsed newspaper offices and other offices with a lot of paper, that paper does not compact. Large voids are found surrounding stacks of paper.

Tuesday, September 02, 2008

Fulong Beach

Last weekend I went to Fulong Beach in the north of Taiwan. It was a nice beach with lifeguards and a place to rent umbrellas and other stuff. There are bathrooms and showers, too. I thought it was nicer than the beaches I saw in Kenting, though the waves weren't very big.

Monday, August 18, 2008

The Fook in Taiwan: The Movie

I slapped together this video of my friend's recent visit to Taiwan. I'm not so satisfied with the music, but I wanted something "Chinesey" and I didn't want to spend all night looking for just the right song.

video

Monday, August 11, 2008

A Visit From Home: The Fook

My friend, the Fook, came and visited me in Taiwan over the last two weeks. We did a lot of stuff while he was here. I posted the photos on Facebook, and you can view them by clicking on the following links:

Tuesday, July 22, 2008

That Sinking Feeling...

video

Friday, July 18, 2008

Typhoon... almost!

Actually, I've been in Hsinchu a number of times when everything was shut down because of a typhoon. Today, however, I guess the eye of the storm didn't get close enough, because it was business as usual. So I rode my scooter to work through what was basically the same thing as a car wash, plus ninety-mile-an-hour winds. Then, after a few hours, I rode home through basically the same thing. I'm glad to have risked my life so that five kids could reinforce their knowledge about how to say, "I can jump" in English.

Unfortunately, last I heard six people died in the storm.

The weird thing about Hsinchu is that usually typhoons are relatively mild. Some people (especially foreign English teachers) actually like them because they get the day off and traffic is very light. Today, however, we got whipped.

It is very calm and quiet now, at nine p.m.

Wednesday, July 16, 2008

Some Chinese Phrases

I have to admit it: my mom sent me this. It is kind of stupid (which makes it funny, you pompous ass!), but at least it isn't offensive or racist.

That's not right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sum Ting Wong

Are you harboring a fugitive? . . . . . . . . . Hu Yu Hai Ding

See me ASAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kum Hia Nao

Small horse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tai Ni Po Ni

Did you go to the beach? . . . . . . . . . . . Wai Yu So Tan

I think you need a facelift . . . . . . . . . . Chin Tu Fat

It's very dark in here . . . . . . . . . . . . .Wai So Dim

I thought you were on a diet . . . . . . . . . .Wai Yu Mun Ching

This is a tow away zone . . . . . . . . . . . . No Pah King

Our meeting is scheduled for next week . . . . .Wai Yu Kum Nao

Staying out of sight . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Lei Ying Lo

He's cleaning his automobile . . . . . . . . . .Wa Shing Ka

It took me a few minutes to actually get the joke. I'm used to not knowing what I'm hearing or reading, so I didn't even bother sounding out the "Chinese." I just thought my mom had gone insane and had started researching Chinese phrases for me.

I figured it out eventually, of course. I mean, I've been to college and everything..

Tuesday, July 08, 2008

How Long Does it Take to Drown?

I went to the pool the other day with a friend of mine. We were sitting there poolside chatting, when she got a concerned look on her face. I glanced over my shoulder to see what she was looking at, and all I saw were a bunch of kids splashing around. When I looked back, she said something like, "What's wrong with that kid?" I looked back again, and there was one kid who was under water except for his hands and the top of his head. He was thrashing around pretty good, but he couldn't get his head out of the water, nor could he touch the bottom of the pool. I just looked at him for a second, and then looked around at the other people at the pool. It was obvious that my friend and I were the only ones who saw what was going on. For a second I wondered if I should do something. I mean, it wasn't my kid, and I always pretend I don't like kids. I wouldn't want to ruin my reputation. Still, I decided I shouldn't let the little guy drown, so I dove into the pool.

Unfortunately, this caused my trunks to slide down to my knees, pretty much ruining the coolness of my rescue. Anyway, I splashed my way over to him, using one hand to pull up my pants and the other to swim. When I got over to the little guy, he was definitely in trouble. I hauled him up out of the water and on to his little floaty ring. He kept saying, "Sorry! Sorry!" Eventually some people came over and thanked me and apologized for troubling me. Hell, it was no trouble. I was there to go swimming anyway, so jumping in the pool was no bother, and it didn't put me in any danger. It didn't even take any effort. Still, if my friend hadn't noticed him, and if I hadn't hauled him out of the water, he'd have been sucking water in a few more seconds. Then saving him would have involved CPR, which I can't remember how to do. There's also the chance that nobody would have seen him at all, in which case he'd have been resting quietly on the bottom of the pool.

I know I'm not a hero. Doing something heroic generally involves some kind of sacrifice or at least risk on the part of the hero. Still, it made me feel pretty good to have been there at the right time to help that kid.

Monday, June 30, 2008

Monkeys in the News

It all started with that CNN news ticker. All it said was, "monkeys control robots with their minds." I couldn't let that go by without a comment. Then I got some encouragement to continue the monkey thing. My blog turned into a monkey blog. I never intended that, but that's what happened. Now I'm out of the monkey business, mostly because while looking for something to blog about monkeys, I came across this blog:

Monkeys In The News.

There is no point in having two monkey blogs in the world.

I'm going to go back to... whatever it was I wrote about before.

Saturday, June 21, 2008

Confusing Confucius

I just read this quote attributed to Confucius: "Never give a sword to a man who can't dance."

I wonder what the hell that is supposed to mean.

Friday, June 20, 2008

While chimps show empathy, monkeys do not

My research team came up with an interesting story about how chimps console each other with hugs and kisses after suffering acts of aggression. Monkeys, however, do not. So, despite all the amazing monkey abilities I've been reporting on, you shouldn't expect a monkey to really care how you feel.

Let's hear it for chimps!

Thursday, June 19, 2008

Take Off, Hosehead!

More monkey news.

In this story, a monkey escapes from a zoo by climbing up a hose (use of tools, 'eh). The really interesting thing, though, is that he was caught trying to commandeer a speed boat.

Monday, June 16, 2008

One Banana, Two Banana...

Monkeys acquire meta-cognitive skills, fish, use sentences, get made chairman of business schools, and control robots. Now, it seems, they are also good at math. In fact, they are almost as good as college students when it comes to simple arithmetic.

As I said before, either monkeys are getting smarter, or entrance requirements to colleges are getting too lax.

Here's a link to the article: Monkeys match humans in arithmetic tests

Sunday, June 15, 2008

I'll Bet You $100...


I found a report that says that monkeys can acquire meta-cognitive skills: the ability to reflect about their thoughts and to assess their performance.

According to the article, the study was inspired by the way children pretend to make bets about things they believe they know ("I'll bet you $100 Santa Claus isn't real").

From the article: In the experiment, two monkeys were trained to play a video game that would test their ability to remember a particular photograph while also allowing them to make a large or a small bet. Ultimately, this wager would reflect the monkey's perception of their memory accuracy.

I can see where the researchers are going with this, but is it really a good idea to get another species involved in gambling? Or, for that matter, playing video games?

Here's a link to the article: Monkeys' Ability To Reflect On Their Thoughts May Have Implications For Infants, Autistic Children

Friday, June 13, 2008

Monkey: God of Business



Okay, this monkey thing might be getting a little old, but I've got at least one more story.

Apparently an Indian business school has appointed a Hindu monkey god as its chairman.

This seems a little strange to me, but then again, from what I've seen as an MBA student, it isn't all that surprising.

Wednesday, June 11, 2008

The Eloquent Monkey



Now things are getting weird. It seems that not only do monkeys control robots and catch fish, they also use sentences.

Give a Monkey a Fish, and He'll Eat for a Day...



In my last post, I reported on the recent finding that monkeys control robots. Now, it seems, they can also fish.

Maybe it is just me, but does it seem like humans are getting dumber, and monkeys are getting smarter?

Thursday, May 29, 2008

Shocking News Flash: Monkeys in Control!

I know, I know. Weeks without a single post, and then two in one day. Have I gone mad? Perhaps, but I felt it was my duty to inform the world of this grave threat.

Okay, not actually a monkey, but it is a good picture.


I just couldn't help it. I was watching CNN (the official propaganda wing of the Bush administration), when on the news ticker (you know, the little strip at the bottom of the screen that tells you so little about news stories that it is absolutely worthless) a story flashed by that chilled me to the very marrow of my bones. It read:

"Monkeys control robots with their minds."

Horror of horrors. Surely the end is near. How can the human race survive when faced with such a threat? I can see it now: monkeys sitting their trees while mentally controlling an army of robots as it rampages through the streets of our cities in search of bananas.

Global warming? Ha! It is clear now what the real threat is, and it may indeed be too late to take any action to stop it. Soon the few humans that have not been destroyed will be enslaved and forced to wear ill-fitting costumes while performing silly tricks.

No wonder robots never seem to do what we want them to.

On Forgiveness

"Time's march is a web of causes and effects, and asking for any gift of mercy, however tiny it may be, is to ask that a link be broken in that web of iron, ask that it be already broken. No one deserves such a miracle. Nor can I plead that my trespasses be forgiven; forgiveness is the act of another, and only I myself can save me. Forgiveness purifies the offended party, not the offender, who is virtually untouched by it."

--Jorge Luis Borges, from his short story "A Prayer" (1969).

Thursday, May 08, 2008

Constant Reader, Be Advised...

To my surprise, several of my friends actually admitted to being regular readers of my blog. I guess I should start being more careful about what I write...

I'm often too busy with other stuff to write anything here, and I can imagine that it is annoying for people to go to a blog hoping to find something new, only to find the same thing that was there the last few times they checked.

So, if you like to check my blog, but don't want to waste your time coming here unless there is something new, you can "subscribe" to The Shorty Method and receive an alert anytime there is something new.

It all has to do with something called RSS, which sounds a little daunting but is actually very simple. It's basically the same thing that websites use to update news headlines and stuff like that. If you want to know more about it, just type "What is RSS?" into a Google search.

The important thing is that you don't really have to know anything about it to make it work.

All you have to do is go to the bottom of my page where it says Subscribe to: Posts (Atom), click on the link, and then figure out how you want to subscribe. You can have it show up using Yahoo, Google, or with an RSS reader program.

For example, I subscribe to my own blog (I know, I know) on my My Yahoo page. Along with the other stuff there, it shows a list of the ten most recent blog entries I've made. It is pretty convenient if you use My Yahoo anyway.

Another way you can be notified of any new posts is to become my friend on Facebook (I set it up so my blog posts show up there, too). Be advised, however, that I'm only going to accept friend offers from people who are actually my friends (not that I expect the millions of people who read my blog each day to make such an offer, but I just don't want anyone's feelings to get hurt if I reject them).

So, if you care at all about this, it might make your online life a little easier, or at least save you a few clicks.

Wednesday, May 07, 2008

我過年的活動在清泉 - My New Year Activity in Cing Chyuan

This is about my Chinese New Year, which I spent in the mountains with my friends. I wrote the Chinese part as a presentation I had to give to my Chinese class. It is based on the picture below. I've also included my other photos and a couple videos of that time.


zhè zhāng zhào piàn shì wǒ guò nián de huó dòng. wǒ qù
這 張 照 片 是 我 過 年 的 活 動。 我 去

wǒ péng yǒu jiā, zài qīng quán. qīng quán shì yī gè zài shān
我 朋 友 家, 在 清 泉。 清 泉 是 一 個 在 山

shàng de tài yǎ zú cūn.
上 的 泰 雅 族 村。


cóng xīn zhú dào nà gè dì fāng bù tài yuǎn, kāi chē zhī yào yī gè
從 新 竹 到 那 個 地 方 不 太 遠﹐ 開 車 只 要 一 個

zhōng tóu zuǒ yòu. wǒ men hěn zǎo jiù cóng xīn zhú chū fā ,
鐘 頭 左 右。 我 們 很 早 就 從 新 竹 出 發,

kě shì yīn wéi xū yào tíng zài chāo jí shì cháng mǎi chī de dōng xī,
可 是 因 為 須 要 停 在 超 級 市 場 買 吃 的 東 西﹐

xiàng pí jiǔ, pú táo jiǔ wēi shì jì, táng guǒ, shén me de, hái yào mǎi rì yòng pǐn,
像 啤 酒﹐ 葡 萄 酒﹐ 威 士 忌﹐ 糖 果﹐什 麼 的, 還 要 買 日 用 品﹐

biān pào, suǒ yǐ wǒ men xià wǔ guò hòu cái dào.
鞭 砲, 所 以 我 們 下 午 過 後 才 到。


suī rán qīng quán shì yī gè hěn měi de dì fāng, yòu yǒu shān yòu
雖 然 清 泉 是 一 個 很 美 的 地 方, 又 有 山 又

yǒu hé, kě shì zhù nà lǐ de rén dōu hěn qióng. Yīn wéi zhù nà lǐ de rén
有 河﹐ 可 是 住 那 裡 的 人 都 很 窮。 因為 住 那 裡 的 人

nà me qióng, tā men de shēng huó gēn lù yíng chā bù duō yī yang.
那 麼 窮﹐ 他 們 的 生 活 跟 露 營 差 不 多一 樣。

bǐ fāng shuō, tā men de jiā bú dàn hěn xiǎo , ér qiě yě méi yǒu chuáng, jiā rén
比 方 說﹐ 他 們 的 家 不 但 很 小﹐而 且 也 沒 有 床﹐ 家 人,

kè rén dōu yī qǐ zài dì bǎn shàng shuì jiao. duì wǒ lái shuō zhè gēn zhù zài
客 人 都 一 起 在 地 板 上 睡 覺。對 我 來 說﹐ 這 跟 住 在

zhàng péng yī yang. zài shān shàng dōng tiān fēi cháng lěng, lǐ miàn, wài miàn
帳 篷一 樣。 在 山 上 冬 天 非 常 冷﹐ 裡 面﹐ 外 面


dōu yī yàng lěng. suǒ yǐ wǒ men dei yī zhí chuān zhù wài tào, dài zhù mào zi
都 一 樣 冷。所 以 我 們 得 一 直(zhi2) 穿 著 外套﹐ 戴 著 帽 子

gēn shǒu tào.
跟 手 套。


tā men cháng cháng zài wài miàn shēng huǒ zuò fàn, huò kǎo ròu. yǒu shí
他 們 常 常 在 外 面 生 火 做 飯 ﹐ 或 烤 肉。 有 時

hòu tā men shòu liè dòng wù. tā men chī sōng shǔ, hóu zi, yě zhū, shén me de.
候` 他 們 狩 獵 動 物。 他 們 吃 松 鼠﹐ 猴 子﹐ 野 豬﹐ 什 麼 的。


zài zhè zhāng zhào piàn lǐ miàn, wǒ men zài wǒ péng yǒu jiā wài miàn kǎo yā zi.
在 這 張 照 片 裡 面﹐ 我們 在 我 朋 友 家 外 面烤 鴨 子。

suī rán yǒu huǒ, kě shì hái shì hǎo lěng.
雖 然 有 火﹐ 可 是 還 是 好 冷。


nà gè nán shēng shì wǒ péng yǒu mèi mèi de nán péng yǒu.
那 個 男 生 是 我 朋 友 妹 妹 的 男朋 友。


wǒ bù zhī dào tā de gōng zuò shì shén me. wǒ jué de tā shì liè rén, kě shì
我 不 知 道 他 的 工 作 是 什 麼。 我 覺 得 他 是 獵 人 可 是

bù què ding. wǒ xiǎng tā dà gài méi yǒu gōng zuò. wǒ yě bù zhī dào zhè gè xiǎo
不 確 定。 我 想 他 大 概 沒 有 工 作。 我 也 不 知 道 這 個 小

nǚ hái shì shéi de. wǒ yī zuò hǎo, tā men jiù bǎ tā dài lái gěi wǒ zhào gù.
女 孩 是 誰的。 我 一 坐 好﹐ 他 們 就 把 她 帶 來給 我 照 顧 。



zhè gè xiǎo péng yǒu shì wǒ péng yǒu lǎo dà de ér zi. tā zhēn de shì yě

這 個 小 朋 友 是 我 朋 友 老 大 的 兒 子。 他 真 的 是 野

mán rén. wǒ jué de zhù shān shàng de xiǎo hái dōu hěn yě tā men pǎo lái pǎo
蠻 人。我 覺 得 住 山 上 的 小孩 都 很 野。 他 們 跑 來 跑

qù, dà hǒu dà jiào, luàn fàng biān pào, dà shēng xiào, dào chù wán.
去﹐ 大 吼 大 叫﹐亂 放 鞭 砲﹐ 大 聲 笑, 到 處 玩。